Types of Food That Are Nutritious For You
The word food actually refers to any material processed to provide nutrition to an organisms. Food is generally of plant, animal, or fungi origin, and normally contains necessary nutrients, including proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins, or even minerals. It is usually consumed by animals in their natural diet, or by man for his/her private consumption. In the dietary needs of human beings, food forms a major part, although some other kinds of food may also play a significant role. There are different ways in which food is made available to man, and in turn, these methods have changed over time to become far more efficient and productive.
Early man had no option but to obtain food that was safe for consumption from nature, as only such things were around. Today, with scientific improvements in modern technology, many new sources of food have been discovered. Modern man on the other hand has developed different ways of obtaining food that is both nutritious and convenient. With new discoveries regarding the diet of animals and the way in which they obtain their nutrition, the human diet has also changed dramatically over the years. With the discovery of vitamin supplements, the scope of nutrition has broadened significantly, with man now having access to a much greater range of foods that can satisfy all his varied needs.
How do we see food? To see food we must first understand the four food groups: carbohydrates, proteins, vegetables and fruits. Each of these groups of food provides different kinds of nutrients, and each nutrient found in a specific food can be obtained in a variety of other foods. All foods contain at least a small amount of each of the four nutrients; however, some foods offer all of the nutrients required by the body in equal proportions, while others provide less of each of the nutrients.
Let’s take a look at the types of food that fall into the group of carbohydrates. The main groups of carbohydrates are unrefined, refined and complex carbohydrates. Refined carbohydrates include table sugar and pasta, while refined carbohydrates include white bread, pastries and rice. The word “refined” simply means that the basic ingredient is removed from the food before it is prepared for consumption. Complex carbohydrates include fruits, vegetables, whole grains and legumes.
Next we will look at the next type of food, the proteins. There are two categories of proteins: the non-essential and essential. The non-essential protein is found in meats, seafood and poultry, while essential proteins are found in red meat, milk and eggs. These days you can find foods that are primarily composed of vitamins and minerals, as well as protein, but are devoid of fats. Foods that are high in fats are not recommended for long-term use because they may cause excessive cholesterol and blood pressure to increase.
The last major group of food is the vitamins and minerals. This includes such commonly found elements as salt, sugar, artificial sweeteners, wheat flour and fats. Each of these food additives is problematic on its own, but when taken together they create a situation where our bodies cannot function properly. This means that we must seek help from professional nutritionists who can recommend the best diet for you, based on your particular body type. Remember that no single food can be considered a super food – it all depends on your particular habits and the specific things that you need to nourish your body.